Philippines' retail market

Philippines is one of the rare countries that have a nationalized restrictive policy for organized retail (in Brazil, Singapore, Hong-Kong etc, they have relegated this to municipal level). The main points of this national policy are as follows –

Enterprises engaged in retail trade (with paid up capital of less than $2.5 million,for less than $250,000 for retailers of luxury goods), mass media, small-scale mining, private security, cock fighting, utilization of certain marine resources, and manufacture of firecrackers and pyrotechnic devices are reserved for Philippine nationals.

Full foreign participation is allowed for retail trade enterprises with paid up capital of $2.5 million or more, provided that investment for establishing each store is not less than $830,000, or specializing in high end or luxury products, provided that the paid up capital per store is not less than $250,000. Financing companies and investment houses are limited to 60 percent foreign ownership.

The Retail Trade Liberalization Act of 2000 requires that foreign retailers, for 10 years after the bill's enactment, source at least 30 percent (for retail enterprises capitalized at no less than $2.5 million) or 10 percent (for retail enterprises specializing in luxury goods) of their inventory, by value, in the Philippines. Foreign retailers are likewise prohibited from engaging in trade outside their accredited stores. At the same time, retail enterprises with foreign ownership exceeding 80 percent of equity are required to offer 30 percent of their shares to the public within 8 years after the start of operations.

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Singapore & Hong Kong: Retail municipal programs

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